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Retrospleniale Cortex

Retrosplenial cortex Anatomy. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. There is large variation in the region's size... Neurophysiology. Neurophysiological studies of retrosplenial cortex have mainly been done in rats. In rodents, around 8. Function. In humans, fMRI studies. Retrosplenial cortex is a polymodal region that has been implicated in crossmodal integration, specifically when performance requires either the switching between or association of different types of spatial cues (Cooper and Mizumori, 1999; Vann and Aggleton, 2004; Pothuizen et al., 2008) The past decade has seen a transformation in research on the retrosplenial cortex (RSC). This cortical area has emerged as a key member of a core network of brain regions that underpins a range of cognitive functions, including episodic memory, navigation, imagination and planning for the future Retrosplenialer Kortex - Retrosplenial cortex Anatomie. Es gibt große Unterschiede in der Größe der Region zwischen verschiedenen Arten. Beim Menschen macht es... Neurophysiologie. Neurophysiologische Untersuchungen des retrosplenialen Kortex wurden hauptsächlich an Ratten... Funktion. Beim Menschen.

The past decade has seen a transformation in research on the retrosplenial cortex (RSC). This cortical area has emerged as a key member of a core network of brain regions that underpins a range of.. Among these cortices, the retrosplenial cortex (RSC) has arisen as a critical region that actively participates in navigation, orientation, spatial memory, and contextual memory that support how an organism successfully interacts with its environment The retrosplenial cortex is involved in a variety of cognitive tasks including memory, navigation and prospective thinking, yet the exact role of the retrosplenial cortex and the functional differences between its subdivisions remain elusive. The connectome presented here may help to define this role by providing an unprecedented interactive and searchable overview of all connections within.

Retrosplenial cortex - Wikipedi

  1. We suggest that the retrosplenial cortex provides mnemonic spatial information for updating location codes in the hippocampus, thereby facilitating accurate path integration. In this way, the retrosplenial cortex and hippocampus may be part of an interactive neural system that mediates navigation
  2. Second, while we observed parametric responses in parahippocampal cortex to increasing values of both components, activity in retrosplenial cortex (BA 29/30) responded specifically to the most permanent landmarks. This is interesting because the role of the RSC is somewhat mysterious
  3. To find out how the retrosplenial cortex supports navigation, Fischer et al. measured its activity in mice exploring a virtual reality world. The mice ran through simulated corridors in which visual landmarks indicated where hidden rewards could be found. The activity of most neurons in the retrosplenial cortex was most strongly influenced by the mouse's position relative to the landmark.
  4. Retrosplenial cortex has dense reciprocal projections with both the anterior thalamic nuclei and the hippocampus. In humans fMRI studies implicate the posterior cingulate region in the recall of episodic information. The retrosplenial cortex is one of several brain areas that when damaged produce anterograde amnesia. See also [edit | edit source
  5. The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is positioned at the interface between cortical sensory regions and various components of the hippocampal memory system, including the hippocampus proper as well as parahippocampal structures (van Groen and Wyss 1990, 1992, 2003; Sugar et al. 2011; van Strien et al. 2009).Its reciprocal connections with these areas suggest the RSC is well positioned to contribute.
  6. In an effort to characterize the role of retrosplenial cortex in active navigation, the effects of temporary inactivation of retrosplenial cortex on spatial memory performance were evaluated in light and dark testing conditions. Inactivation of retrosplenial cortex selectively resulted in behavioral impairments when animals were tested in darkness. These data support the hypothesis that retrosplenial cortex contributes to navigation in darkness, perhaps by providing mnemonic associations of.
  7. Here we investigate the relationship between neurons in the rat's retrosplenial cortex (RSC) and entorhinal cortex (MEC) that increase firing near boundaries of space. Border cells in RSC specifically encode walls, but not objects, and are sensitive to the animal's direction to nearby borders

Retrosplenial Cortex - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

  1. Little is known about the function of the retrosplenial cortex and until recently, there was no evidence that it had any involvement in emotional processes. Surprisingly, recent functional neuroimaging studies show that the retrosplenial cortex is consistently activated by emotionally salient words. A review of the functional neuroimaging literature reveals a previously overlooked pattern of.
  2. The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is known to play a role in the retrieval of context memory, but its involvement in memory formation and consolidation is unclear. To better characterize the role of the RSC, we tested its involvement in the formation and retrieval of memory for trace fear conditioning, a task that requires the association of two cues separated by an empty period of time. We have.
  3. The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) has been implicated in wayfinding using different sensory cues. However, the neural mechanisms of how the RSC constructs spatial representations to code an appropriate route under different sensory cues are unknown. In this study, rat RSC neurons were recorded while rats ran on a treadmill affixed to a motion stage that was displaced along a figure-8-shaped track.
  4. Category:Retrosplenial cortex. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Jump to navigation Jump to search. retrosplenial region (en); 脳梁膨大後部皮質 (ja); Ретроспленальная кора (ru) part of the brain's cerebral cortex (en) retrosplenial cortex (en); 脳梁膨大後皮質, 脳梁膨大後部帯状皮質, 膨大後皮質, 膨大後部皮質 (ja) retrosplenial region
  5. The retrosplenial cortex consists of areas 29a-d, each of which has different connections with other cortical and subcortical regions. Although these areas also make complex interconnections that constitute part of a neural circuit subserving
  6. retrosplenial cortex. A Real-Time Look at Value-Based Decision Making. Posted on January 16th, 2020 by Dr. Francis Collins. All of us make many decisions every day. For most things, such as which jacket to wear or where to grab a cup of coffee, there's usually no right answer, so we often decide using values rooted in our past experiences. Now, neuroscientists have identified the part of the.
  7. Only the dissociative drugs produced robust oscillations in neuronal activity in a brain region called the retrosplenial cortex. This region is essential for various cognitive functions, including..

Retrosplenial cortex. Related brain structures in reference atlases. Harvard Oxford: Cingulate Gyrus, posterior division: Destrieux: L G_cingul-Post-ventral: Diedrichsen: Left I-IV: JHU: Body of corpus callosum: Juelich: GM Hippocampus subiculum L: BASC: PARIETO_OCCIPITAL_SULCUS_ventral: Yeo et al. 2011 17 networks: DefaultC : Neighboring DiFuMo maps Dim 64. Parieto-occipital sulcus anterior. The retrosplenial cortex is seen as a convergence point for different classes of spatial cue, yet aside from allocentric processing, little is known about other cue types that depend on the integrity of this area The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is a midline association region that integrates thalamic, (para)hippocampal, and neocortical information (1 ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ -5). Similar to the hippocampus ( 6 ), RSC is also essential for spatial learning and memory ( 7 ⇓ - 9 ) What does the retrosplenial cortex do? Seralynne D. Vann*, John P. Aggleton* and Eleanor A. ‡Maguire Abstract | The past decade has seen a transformation in research on the retrosplenial cortex. Moreover, we found that the inhibitory and excitatory synaptic functions were severely affected in the retrosplenial agranular (RSA) cortex of Senp1 haploinsufficient mice

What does the retrosplenial cortex do? - PubMe

The retrosplenial cortex and posterior parietal cortex have been associated with landmark-based navigation (Hartley et al., 2003; Rosenbaum et al., 2004; Spiers and Maguire, 2006; Byrne et al., 2007). In our study, the common recruitment of these brain regions in the absence of landmarks suggests that they play a more basic role in spatial mapping and orientation through path integration. Efficacy of navigation may be influenced by retrosplenial cortex-mediated learning of landmark stability. Auger SD(1), Zeidman P(1), Maguire EA(2). Author information: (1)Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK Low Prices on Cortex RETROSPLENIAL CINGULATE CORTEX: CONNECTIVITY (RENDERED) Functional connectivity MR was averaged from 1,003 typically developing volunteers from the Human Connectome Project dataset. Lateral surface rendering shows correlation to a seed region in the right Brodmann area 30 as defined by the WFU PickAtlas toolbox for MATLAB. This image was displayed using BrainNet Viewer software. Functional.

Researchers zeroed in on this particular brain region, known as the retrosplenial cortex (RSC), by analyzing movies—including the clip shown about 32 seconds into this video—that captured in real time what goes on in the brains of mice as they make decisions. Each white circle is a neuron, and the flickers of light reflect their activity: the brighter the light, the more active the neuron at that point in time Retrosplenial cortex is a region within the posterior neocortical system, heavily interconnected with an array of brain networks, both cortical and subcortical, that is, engaged by a myriad of cognitive tasks

Retrosplenialer Kortex - Retrosplenial cortex - qaz

The retrosplenial cortex is involved in a variety of cognitive tasks including memory, navigation and prospective thinking, yet the exact role of the retrosplenial cortex and the functional differences between its subdivisions remain elusive. The connectome presented here may help to define this role by providing an unprecedented interactive and searchable overview of all connections within and between the rat retrosplenial cortex, parahippocampal region and hippocampal formation The Retrosplenial Cortex (RSC) is described as the portion of the parietal lobe situated directly behind the splenium of the corpus callosum [1] and has been shown to be present in several species.. Retrosplenial cortex, the most caudal region of the cingulate cortex, is largely devoid of primary motor and sensory inputs, and receives major inputs from the orbital and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, the anterior cingulate cortex, parahippocampal cortex, superior temporal sulcus, precuneus, claustrum, and the anterior and lateral thalamic nucle

The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) has been implicated in wayfinding using different sensory cues. However, the neural mechanisms of how the RSC constructs spatial representations to code an appropriate route under different sensory cues are unknown. In this study, rat RSC neurons were recorded while rats ran on a treadmill affixed to a motion stage that was displaced along a figure-8-shaped track. The activity of some RSC neurons increased during specific directional displacements, while the. Retrosplenial cortex is densely interconnected with the hippocampal formation and the anterior thalamic nuclei (van Groen & Wyss, 1990; van Groen & Wyss, 1992a, b; Van Groen & Wyss, 2003; Vann et al., 2009). The resulting interlinked network appears vital for rodent spatial memory (Sutherland & Hoesing, 1993)

The retrosplenial cortex and posterior parietal cortex have been associated with landmark-based navigation (Hartley et al., 2003; Rosenbaum et al., 2004; Spiers and Maguire, 2006; Byrne et al., 2007). In our study, the common recruitment of these brain regions in the absence of landmarks suggests that they play a more basic role in spatial mapping and orientation through path integration. Previous studies suggest the retrosplenial cortex integrates route-based spatial information with self. When human participants viewed images of these single landmarks during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), parahippocampal cortex (PHC) and retrosplenial cortex (RSC) were both engaged by landmark features, but in different ways. PHC responded to a range of landmark attributes, while RSC was engaged by only the most permanent landmarks. Furthermore, when participants were divided. The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is positioned at the interface between sensory cortical regions and the myriad of structures that compose the parahippocampal-hippocampal memory network. Importantly, the connections between RSC and these structures are reciprocal (i.e., afferent and efferent), suggesting that RSC not only contributes incoming sensory information to the hippocampus, but may also serve as a critical site of information storage The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) plays a significant role in spatial learning and memory, and is functionally disrupted in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease. In order to investigate neurophysiological correlates of spatial learning and memory in this region we employed in vivo electrophysiology in awake, behaving mice, comparing neural activity between wild-type and J20 mice, a mouse model. Kevin A. Corcoran, Naoki Yamawaki, Katherine Leaderbrand, and Jelena Radulovic. Retrosplenial Cortex Has a Time-Dependent Role in Memory for Visual Stimuli. Matthew Y. Jiang, Nicole E. DeAngeli, David J. Bucci, and Travis P. Todd. A Functional Circuit for the Retrieval of Remote Cued Fear Memory

What does the retrosplenial cortex do? Nature Reviews

Frontiers The Retrosplenial Cortex: Intrinsic

The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) comprises Brodmann areas 29/30 and is an integral part of a brain system that is engaged by spatial navigation, scene processing, recollection of the past and imagining the future. Damage involving the RSC in humans can result in significant memory and navigation deficits, while the earliest metabolic decline in Alzheimer's disease is centred upon this region. The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is anatomically positioned between limbic areas California, Davis, USA important for memory formation, such as the hippocampus (HPC) and the anterior Reviewed by: David John Bucci, Dartmouth thalamus, and cortical regions along the dorsal stream known to contribute importantly College, USA to long-term spatial representation, such as the posterior parietal cortex. The retrosplenial cortex supports navigation, with one role thought to be the integration of different spatial cue types. This hypothesis was extended by examining the integration of nonspatial cues. Rats with lesions in either the dysgranular subregion of retrosplenial cortex (area 30) or lesions in both the granular and dysgranular subregions (areas 29 and 30) were tested on cross-modal. Skip navigation. Home; Browse . Issue Date; Author; Title; Help . Conversion to PDF/A ; Preferred / accepted data format

The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is a cortical area in the brain, located posteriorly (towards the back) and comprising Brodmann areas 29 and 30. The region's name refers to its anatomical location immediately behind the splenium of the corpus callosum in primates, although in rodents it is located more towards the brain surface and is relatively larger. Its function is currently not well. Area 29 - Retrosplenial cingulate cortex - Area 29 - area retrolimbica granularis Anatomical Parts. Illustrated anatomical parts with images from e-Anatomy and descriptions of anatomical structure Dartmouth researchers demonstrate in a new study that a previously understudied part of the brain, the retrosplenial cortex, is essential for forming the basis for contextual memories, which help.

Temporary inactivation of the retrosplenial cortex causes

The projections to the retrosplenial cortex (areas 29 and 30) from the hippocampal formation, the entorhinal cortex, perirhinal cortex, and amygdala were examined in two species of macaque monkey by tracking the anterograde transport of amino acids. Hippocampal projections arose from the subiculum and presubiculum to terminate principally in area 29. Label was found in layer I and layer III(IV. Sripanidkulchai K, Wyss JM (1987): The laminar organization of efferent neuronal cell bodies in the retrosplenial granular cortex. Brain Res 406:255-269 Google Scholar Steriade M (1984): The excitatory-inhibitory response sequence of thalamic and cortical neurons: State related changes and regulatory mechanisms The rat retrosplenial cortex comprises two major subregions (granular and dysgranular) that differ in morphology and connectivity. Although the effects of selective dysgranular retrosplenial cortex (area 30) lesions and the effects of selective lesions within separate sub-areas of the granular retrosplenial cortex have been described, the effects of complete granular lesions (area 29) remain. Here, we review recordings from hippocampus, entorhinal cortex, and retrosplenial cortex to address the problem of how neurons encode multiple overlapping spatiotemporal trajectories and disambiguate these for accurate memory-guided behaviour. The solution could involve neurons in the entorhinal cortex and hippocampus that show mixed selectivity, coding both time and location. Some grid cells and place cells that code space also respond selectively as time cells, allowing differentiation of.

Retrosplenial Cortex Codes for Permanent Landmark

The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is a cortical area in the brain comprising Brodmann areas 29 and 30. It is secondary association cortex, making connections with numerous other brain regions. The region's name refers to its anatomical location immediately behind the splenium of the corpus callosum in primates, although in rodents it is located more towards the brain surface and is relatively larger This special issue on the cognitive functions of the retrosplenial cortex highlights progress that has been made in recent years in understanding the anatomy and function of the retrosplenial cortex in both animals and humans. The articles in this issue of Behavioral Neuroscience use a number of different approaches that together provide an up-to-date account of recent progress in.

Representation of visual landmarks in retrosplenial cortex

adshelp[at]cfa.harvard.edu The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86 Learning and memory involves a large neural network of many brain regions, including the notable hippocampus along with the retrosplenial cortex (RSC) and lateral septum (LS). Previous studies have established that the dorsal hippocampus (dHPC) plays a critical role during the acquisition and expression of episodic memories. However, the role of downstream circuitry from the dHPC, including. The retrosplenial cortex is anatomically positioned to integrate sensory, motor, and visual information and is thought to have an important role in processing spatial information and guiding behavior through complex environments. Anatomical and theoretical work has argued that the retrosplenial cortex participates in spatial behavior in concert with its primary input, the parietal cortex

Retrosplenial region Psychology Wiki Fando

The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is part of a network of interconnected cortical, hippocampal, and thalamic structures harboring spatially modulated neurons. The RSC contains head direction cells and connects to the parahippocampal region and anterior thalamus. Manipulations of the RSC can affect spatial and contextual tasks. A considerable amount of evidence implicates the role of the RSC in. It also causes neuronal damage and cell death in the retrosplenial cortex (RSC), an area that is thought to be a part of high visual cortical pathways and at least partially responsible for ketamine's psychotomimetic activities. However, the basic physiological properties of RSC cells as well as their response to ketamine in vivo remained largely unexplored. Here, we combine a computational method, the Inter-Spike Interval Classification Analysis (ISICA), and in vivo recordings.

Retrosplenial cortex is required for the retrieval of

Retrosplenial cortex (RSC) The RSC is a neocortical structure situated in the midline of the cerebrum. It arches around the dorsocaudal half of the corpus callosum in the rat, where it is bordered rostrally by the anterior cingulate cortex, caudoventrally by the PHR and laterally by the parietal and visual cortices. The coordinate system that defines position within the RSC is explained in the. In view of the well-established importance of the retrosplenial cortex for spatial learning, the findings support the notion that, with its frontal and hippocampal connections, retrosplenial cortex has a key role for both what/when and where/when information. Introduction Retrosplenial cortex is densely interconnected with the hippocampa

Retrosplenial cortex inactivation selectively impairs

Although the retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is critically involved in spatial learning and memory, it appears to have more selective contributions to learning and memory for discrete cues. For example, damage to the RSC does not impair Pavlovian delay fear conditioning to a discrete auditory cue (e.g., tone), when RSC manipulation occurs just prior to, or shortly after, conditioning retrosplenial and prelimbic cortices instead of the amygdala 2) the infralimbic cortex. plays a similar role in both the trace and delay extinction circuits, 3) the retrosplenial. cortex is involved in the consolidation of trace and context, but not delay fear, and 4) the These results highlight the importance of the retrosplenial cortex (areas 29 and 30), including the dysgranular cortex (area 30), for the effective use of distal visual cues to solve spatial problems. The findings, which help to explain the bias away from visual allocentric solutions that is shown by rats with retrosplenial cortex lesions when performing spatial tasks, also support the notion that the region assists the integration of different categories of visuospatial information By performing chronic single-unit recordings in the retrosplenial cortex (RSP) of the mouse and tracking the activity of individual AHV neurons between freely moving and head-restrained conditions, we find that vestibular inputs dominate AHV signalling. In addition, we discover that self-generated optic flow input onto these neurons increases the gain and signal-to-noise ratio of angular velocity coding during free exploration. Psychophysical experiments and neural decoding. View Academics in Retrosplenial Cortex on Academia.edu. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link

Video: Entorhinal-retrosplenial circuits for allocentric

The retrosplenial cortex and emotion: new insights from

Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Anna L Powell, Seralynne D Vann, Cristian M Olarte-Sánchez, Lisa Kinnavane, Moira Davies, Eman Amin, John P Aggleton, Andrew J D Nelson] Recognition that the retrosplenial cortex has a prominent role in the processing of emotionally salient stimuli invites further studies to define its specific functions and its interactions with other emotion-related brain regions. Original language: English (US) Pages (from-to) 310-316: Number of pages: 7: Journal: Trends in Neurosciences : Volume: 22: Issue number: 7: DOIs: https://doi.org.

retrosplenial cortex with recording of complex spike cells in the hippocampus. Thus, behavioral performance during spatial memory testing could be compared with place-field responses before, and during, inactivation of retrosplenial cortex. In the first experiment, behavioral results confirmed that inactivation of retrosplenial cortex only impairs radial maze performance in darkness when. Gray matter volume in retrosplenial cortex corresponds to successful location tracking. We found a significant positive correlation between gray matter volume in RSC and accuracy in the loop task, indicating that greater neural resources in RSC made a significant contribution to tracking locations during complex path integration. Individuals with greater gray matter volume in RSC might be better able to track their distance from the home location, possibly due to an increased number of. The rodent retrosplenial cortex (RSC) functions as an integrative hub for sensory and motor signals, serving roles in both navigation and memory. While RSC is reciprocally connected with the sensory cortex, the form in which sensory information is represented in the RSC and how it interacts with motor feedback is unclear and likely to be critical to computations involved in navigation such as.

include the retrosplenial cortex (Takahashi et al. 1997; Epstein et al. 2007), parahippocampal cortex (Rosenbaum et al. 2004; Bohbot et al. (2015), for extensive reviews see Spiers and Maguire 2007b; Epstein 2008; Ranganath and Ritchey 2012; Miller et al. 2014), and the anterior cingulate cortex (Teixeira et al. 2006). It is also possible that the involvement of brai The axons forming the corpus callosum sustain the interhemispheric communication across homotopic cortical areas. We have studied how neurons throughout the columnar extension of the retrosplenial cortex integrate the contralateral input from The retrosplenial cortex is an important brain area for processing landmark information. However, the exact function of individual neurons in this brain region is still unknown. By recording from.. Retrosplenial Cortex Codes for Permanent Landmarks Published in: PLoS ONE, August 2012 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043620: Pubmed ID: 22912894. Authors: Stephen D. Auger, Sinéad L. Mullally, Eleanor A. Maguire Abstract: Landmarks are critical components of our internal representation of the environment, yet their specific properties are rarely studied, and little is known about how they are. area 29, also known as granular retrolimbic area 29 or granular retrosplenial cortex, is a cytoarchitecturally defined portion of the retrosplenial region Spatial memory (9,821 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to articl

Retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is a major recipient of hippocampal outflow and we have described populations of neurons there with sparse and orthogonal coding characteristics that resemble hippocampal 'place' cells, and whose expression depends on an intact hippocampus Retrosplenial cortex is a region within the posterior neocortical system, heavily interconnected with an array of brain networks, both cortical and subcortical, that is, engaged by a myriad of cognitive tasks. Although there is no consensus as to its precise function, evidence from both human and animal studies clearly points to a role in spatial cognition. However, the spatial processing. near primary visual cortex while the use of an allocentric reference frame was associated with alpha attenuation in or near bilateral secondary visual cortex, bilateral inferior parietal cortex, and in or near the retrosplenial cortex (Gramann et al., 2010). In this study, participantsreactedtoahomingcha llengebasedona2-alternative forced choice task. As a consequence, no measures of homing ac Retrosplenial cortex maps the conjunction of internal and external spaces by Alexander, Andrew S , Nitz, Douglas A Published in Nature neuroscience (08-01-2015

The retrosplenial cortex is also highly active during navigation and memory retrieval and connects the hippocampus to the visual cortex and other areas of the brain. Damage to the retrosplenial cortex results in memory deficits and disorientation, and patients with Alzheimer's disease have reduced activity in their retrosplenial cortex retrosplenial cortex following neuropathic pain David Andr´e Barri`erea,b,*, Al Mahdy Hamieha, Ricardo Magalha˜esb,c,d, Amidou Traor´ee, Julie Barbiera, Jean-Marie Bonnye, Denis Ardida,J´erˆome Busserollesa,S´ebastien M´eriauxb, Fabien Marchanda Abstract Human and animal imaging studies demonstrated that chronic pain profoundly alters the structure and the functionality of several brain. Retrosplenial cortex; ASJC Scopus subject areas. Behavioral Neuroscience; Access to Document. 10.1037/bne0000223. Other files and links. Link to publication in Scopus. Link to the citations in Scopus. Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Role of retrosplenial cortex in processing stress-related context memories'. Together they form a unique fingerprint. Memory Medicine & Life Sciences. In rodents, the retrosplenial cortex (RSC) is an extended cortical region that sits along the midline of the posterior brain. RSC is involved in a number of cognitive functions, including learning, memory, and spatial navigation in both rodents and primates (Vann et al 2009). In this general introduction chapter, I first go over the anatomy of rodent RSC and its connections with other brain.

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